Radish is a root vegetable that resembles beets and turnips in appearance and texture, but has its own distinct flavor.
Radishes can be white, red, purple or black, long, cylindrical or round in shape and they belong to the same vegetable family as broccoli, cauliflower and Brussels sprouts.
5 main radish varieties
The red globe variety is small, round or oval in shape. It is also called button red radish. They can have diameter of 1-4 inches. These radishes have solid and crisp flesh.
The black variety of radish is turnip-like in shape. These radishes have a dull black or dark brownish skin. When they are peeled, one can see the white flesh. They taste quite pungent, and are drier than other varieties. However, they have a longer shelf life compared to most radishes.
The Daikon (Japanese) variety is native to Asia. These are very large carrot-shaped radishes. Daikons have white flesh which is juicy, and a bit hotter than red radish.
White icicle is another variety that is long and grows up to half a foot and is tapered in shape. These radishes have a white flesh which is milder than the red variety of radishes.
The fifth variety is the California mammoth white. This type of radishes have oblong-shaped roots, and have flesh that tastes slightly pungent.
Health benefits of radish
- Radishes are known for their anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties.
- They are a good source of riboflavin (vitamin B2), vitamin B6, calcium, magnesium, copper, manganese.
- Radishes are an excellent source of dietary fiber, folate, vitamin C and potassium.
- Radishes are rich source of roughage, which are indigestible carbohydrates. This helps the digestion process and in curing constipation.
- Radish is a diuretic food.
- Daikon radish inhibits the formation of dangerous chemicals in the body.
- Red radish contains lycopene, which can dramatically help to lower the risk of prostate cancer.
- Radish is an anti-congestive and helps in treating many respiratory system-related problems.
How to use radish in your daily meals
- You can simply juice radish and drink immediately. Can add watermelon or pineapple if you want to.
- You can slice and add it to salads. To make your salad even more crunchy, you can soak washed and trimmed radishes in ice water for a couple of hours and then serve them. It enhances their crispness and flavor.
- Add it as an extra ingredient to soup.
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Filed under: Nutrition by Nessie